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Archive for the ‘Unjust enrichment’ Category

Approaches to Damages in Trade Secret Cases

In Damages, Practice articles, Reasonable Royalty, Unjust enrichment on October 20, 2010 at 7:59 pm
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Once a trade secret lawsuit progress beyond the preliminary injunction stage, the key battleground usually shifts to damages.  Assessing damages can be particularly difficult in a trade secret case because of the problematic uncertainty in measuring the value of trade secrets.  Marc Pensabene and Christopher Loh summarized some of the flexible approaches that plaintiffs and defendants might pursue in arguing for and against trade secrets damages calculations.

From the plaintiff’s perspective, the authors offer the following aggressive approaches (not all of which have been accepted by California courts):

  • In calculating lost profits, argue that the amounts should include not only lost sales that were diverted from the plaintiff to the defendant, but also losses attributable to price erosion or to increased costs cause by the misappropriation, such as the costs of an advertising campaign to recoup market share stolen by defendant
  • Argue for provable future profits, overhead costs, general and administrative expenses, lost profits on reorder or spare parts or other natural follow-on items
  • Ask the court to calculate plaintiff’s lost profits by applying the defendant’s profit margins to the plaintiff’s lost sales
  • In seeking unjust enrichment, if the defendant does not incorporate the trade secret into a product but rather uses it to promote its existing products or to develop new and different products, ask for a portion from those products
  • If plaintiff is unable to prove lost profits or unjust enrichment, seek development costs (so-called “head-start” damages), the diminution of the value of the plaintiff’s business or stock, or a reasonable royalty based either on the actual royalties that have been paid to the plaintiff, or a hypothetical royalty that the litigants would have negotiated at the time of the misappropriation Read the rest of this entry »
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Northern District Notes That Trade Secret Law Allows Recovery of Saved Development Costs

In Damages, Remedies, Unjust enrichment on September 9, 2010 at 7:37 am
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In a non-trade secrets intellectual property case, The Northern District of California noted, in dictum, that “trade secret law allows recovery of saved development costs.”  Oracle Corp. v. SAP AG, No. C 07-1658 PJH, — F.Supp.2d —-, 2010 WL 3258603, *14 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 17, 2010). Read the rest of this entry »

Sixth District Holds That Reasonable Royalties Available When a Defendant Has Not Realized a Profit or Other Calculable Benefit

In California Appellate Opinions, Damages, Reasonable Royalty, Unjust enrichment on August 30, 2010 at 3:53 pm
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Today, in Ajaxo Inc. v. E*Trade Financial Corporation, — Cal.Rptr.3d —-, H033631, 2010 WL 3386479 (Cal. Ct. App. 6th Dist. Aug. 30, 2010), the Sixth District held that where a defendant has not realized a profit or other calculable benefit as a result of his or her misappropriation of a trade secret, unjust enrichment is not provable within the meaning of section 3426.3(b). Thus, the trial court had discretion pursuant to section 3426.3(b) to order payment of a reasonable royalty.

Plaintiff Ajaxo Inc. (Ajaxo), sued defendant E*Trade Financial Corporation (E*Trade) for misappropriation of trade secrets under the California Uniform Trade Secret Act.  E*Trade was found liable in a prior jury trial, where a jury determined that E*Trade had willfully and maliciously misappropriated Ajaxo’s trade secrets.  Id. *1.  A second trial determined the extent to which E*Trade had been unjustly enriched by its misappropriation.  Id. Read the rest of this entry »